### What is Miniature Scale?

Definition of Scale Measurement - Scale is the defined size ratio between a full size object and its miniature or model version. The easiest model scales are one where scale translates directly from a common measurement, like one inch equals one foot, sometimes written as 1:12 or 1/12 scale (one inch equals 12 inches) the most common scale for dollhouses. In 1/12 scale an object one inch tall in miniature would be twelve inches tall in normal size.

A Ratio, not a Measurement - In a 1:12 scale miniature, one part miniature equals twelve parts real. If something is 2 cm. as a 1:12 miniature it will be 24 cm. in full size.

Scale in History - Scale became more important in the 1970's as people sought more accurate and interchangeable pieces for their collections. Early examples or antiques may vary widely from a scale size. Many railway model scales have gone out of production as the hobby changed from carpet railroads to smaller modern tabletop layouts. As height and fashion changed across history, miniatures changed as well. An antique doll which seems small may accurately represent someone from her period.

sherpal

Dollhouse Scales- In addition to the common 1:12 scale, dollhouses may be 1:24 scale, sometimes called 1/2 scale because it is one half of 1:12 scale. 1:48 is a smaller dollhouse scale sometimes called 1/4 scale (1/4 of the regular 1/12 scale). Playscale or 1:6 is the scale used for fashion dolls. A 1:12 scale toy dollhouse for inside a 1:12 scale dollhouse would be 1/12 x 1/12 or 1:144 scale. In addition there are some common model scales created by particular toy makers.

Gauge - Railway modelers not only have to deal with scale, but with gauge, which is the measurement of the space between tracks. Railway modelers sometimes divide themselves into Narrow Gauge and Standard Gauge groups.

• Narrow Gauge in real railways has 3 ft. 6 in. (1067mm) between the rails and was used a lot for private industrial railways or railways in mountainous areas.
• Standard Gauge railways have 4 ft. 8 1/2in. (1435mm) between the rails and are the most common of the world's commercial railroads.